Abstracted from The Oregonian's Handbook Of The Pacific Northwest
- 1894 by The Oregonian Publishing Co.
Grant's Pass, Oregon. --
Grant's Pass, the judicial seat of
Josephine county, has a population of about 2,000. It is
located in the heart of hte valley of the Rogue river which has its
source in Jackson county, flows through Josephine and Curry counties
and empties its waters into the Pacific ocean. Grant's Pass is
the largest town in the Rogue river valley. It is supported by
the rich mineral, timber and agricultural resources of the country
adjacent. It is located on the main line of the Southern
Pacific, 296 miles south of Portland and 476 miles north of San
Francisco. The merchants here have the benefit afforded by the
competition of the Portland and San Francisco wholesalers to sell
goods in this field. The town is the end of an important
division of the Southern Pacific, and a round house and railroad
repair shops are located at this point. The principal industry
of Grant's Pass is the manufacture of sash, doors, blinds, mouldings
and boxes. A company with a capital stock of $125,000 is
engaged in this business here and about 100 men are employed in the
factory. Other smaller factories at Grant's Pass are a
brick-making plant, planing mill and broom factory. Several
fine brick blocks have been erected on the main business street of
the town and one bank looks after the financial affairs of the
business community. A large ten-room brick school building
occupies a prominent site in the city and eight teachers are
employed in the public schools here. The number of scholars in
attendance is about 350. There are seven churches located
here, four of which -- the Methodist, Presbyterian, South Methodist
and Baptist -- own their own buildings. A circulating library,
free reading room and a new brick opera house, with a seating
capacity of 1,000, are located at this point.
The Rogue River Courier and Oregon
Observer, two weekly papers are published at Grant's Pass.
Grant's Pass annually ships a large amount of fruit, lumber and
brick, and about $100,000 in gold annually reaches this point from
the rich placer deposits of the valleys adjacent.
Josephine County, Oregon. ---
Josephine county lies to the east of Curry, south of Douglas,
west of Jackson and extends to the California line on the south.
Its area is about 1,800 square miles and its present population is
about 8,000. Until the completion of the Southern Pacific
railroad through the southern part of the state comparatively little
was known of this rich part of Oregon. During the past ten
years, however, wonderful strides have been made here, and this is
now classed among the most prosperous portions of the Northwest.
The soil of the lands of Josephine county is
of remarkable fertility and will produce almost anything grown in
the temperate zone. Cereals and fruits of all kinds grow in
profusion here. Snow seldom falls in the valleys of the
county, but on the higher elevations, which are covered with
valuable forests of fir, cedar, oak, pine and other timber, the
snowfall is sometimes heavy. The valleys of Josephine county
are now practically one vast fruit garden. Peaches grow here
in size and flavor equal to the most luscious of the New Jersey
peach crop, and the tons of melons raised here which are annually
shipped to the Portland and other markets to the north are not
excelled in quality by the melons raised in the most favored parts
of the United States. All varieties of fruit do well on these
lands and the vineyards and orchards of Josephine county will some
day rival those of the famous California fruit belt.
The entire area of Josephine county is well
watered, numerous creeks of the clearest water flowing down the
mountain sides and traversing the land in all directions.
These streams also furnish fine water power at convenient points.
The mountainous districts of the county contain rich deposits of
gold quartz, silver, copper and other metals. Widespread
attention is just at the present time being attracted to the mineral
wealth of this county and the mines here some day will rival those
of Eastern Oregon or of the Coeur d'Alenes in Northern Idaho.
Transcribed by Linda Blum-Barton, Oct. 15,
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